The increasing incidence of localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC) over the last three decades have been well evident and have called for different treatment modalities among which laparoscopic partial nephrectomy has evolved.
To review the development, techniques, outcomes and current status of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for the treatment of renal tumors.
Materials and methods
A literature search of English-language publications was performed using the Medline database and website PubMed. Many papers were identified of which 64 papers were selected for review based on their contribution and relevance.
Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy provides perioperative results as well as intermediate and long-term oncologic and functional outcomes comparable with the reference standard (open partial nephrectomy) with significantly decreased patient morbidity. Today, the indications for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy have expanded to include larger, more complex and higher-stage tumors.
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