Introduction: Operative laparoscopy has advanced progressively since 1987 after laparoscopic cholecystectomy by means of four trocars. One of the main advantages of laparoscopic surgery over traditional open surgery is that it often requires a shorter hospital stay than traditional open surgery. Compared to conventional laparoscopic surgery, single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has more benefits. In this article, we review laparoscopic surgery with single incision.
Materials and methods: Literature review was performed on newly minimal invasive approach for laparoscopic surgery.
Results: Single incision laparoscopic surgery has advantages in minimizing the invasiveness of surgical incision, reducing the number of incisions and the associated possible wound morbidities. This includes the reduced risks of wound infection, pain, bleeding, organ injury, and port site hernia. Even though SILS is recognized to be a more complicated procedure and costly, patients are experiencing less pain and almost scarless wound.
Conclusion: Single incision laparoscopic surgery is an exciting new approach in the field of laparoscopic surgery.
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