World Journal of Laparoscopic Surgery

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2022 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Bacterial Infection and Sensitivity Pattern of Cholecystitis among Cholecystectomy Patients

Sunil Kaval, Swati Tewari, Ekta Rani

Keywords : Analysis, Antibiotic sensitivity, Bile, Cholecystectomy

Citation Information : Kaval S, Tewari S, Rani E. Bacterial Infection and Sensitivity Pattern of Cholecystitis among Cholecystectomy Patients. World J Lap Surg 2022; 15 (3):211-214.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10033-1540

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 08-12-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aims and objectives: This retrospective type of study was done to know the bacterial cause of cholecystitis and to isolate different bacteria present in bile of cholecystectomy patients. Antibiotic sensitivity was also done to know the antibiotic-resistance pattern among the organism isolated. Materials and methods: In this study, 126 patients’ bile was sent to the Microbiology Department for culture and antibiotic-sensitivity testing during the period of October 2017–November 2018. Cultures were placed in blood agar and MacConkey agar. Organisms were isolated on the basis of growth characteristics and biochemical findings. Antibiotic sensitivity was done using the Kirby–Bauer disk-diffusion method. Results: This study included 126 post-cholecystectomy patients, out of which the male-to-female ratio was 1:2.71. While the female was 92 (83%) and the male was 34 (17%). In this study, we have included all the age-groups of patients, but most of the patients were middle-aged, that is, between 41 and 60 years 78 (62%). In the microbiological analysis, only 68 (54%) samples were culture-positive. In our study, Escherichia coli 43 (63.2%) was isolated among maximum samples and the second most common was Klebsiella spp. 17 (25%). Conclusion: Therefore, it is important to know about common bacteria causing gallbladder infection and their antibiotic-resistance pattern. This study may be helpful in designing the antibiotic prophylaxis among these patients.


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