World Journal of Laparoscopic Surgery

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VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2015 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

A Comparative Study of Single Incision vs Conventional Four Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Single Center Experience

Njem Josiah Miner

Citation Information : Miner NJ. A Comparative Study of Single Incision vs Conventional Four Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Single Center Experience. World J Lap Surg 2015; 8 (2):62-67.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10033-1249

Published Online: 00-08-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Materials and methods

One hundred and twenty-one patients had laparoscopic cholecystectomy at the institute of minimal access, metabolic and bariatric surgery, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, between January 2013 and October 2014. A total of 61 (50.4%) had conventional four port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4PLC), while 60 (49.6%) had SILC. Indications for the operation were similar for the two groups. Excluded were patients who were operated for malignant gallbladder disease, patients with mirizzi syndrome, patients with gallbladder perforation and patients who were in American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) 1V and V.

Primary end points

Analgesic requirements, Complications and hospital visits, Length of hospital stay.

Results

The average length of hospital stay including in-patient and out-patient surgeries was 23.93 ± 9.8, range 4 to 48 hours for those who had SILC and 30.07 ± 16, range 8 to 72 hours for patients who underwent 4PLC. Patients in both groups had either paracetamol or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) as postoperative analgesic. Only one (1.7%) patient who had SILC required an NSAID for postoperative analgesia, while 59 (98.3%) had postoperative pain relieve using only paracetamol. Four (6.6%) of patients who had 4PLC required an NSAID for postoperative analgesia, while 57 (93.4%) had only paracetamol for postoperative analgesia.

Conclusion

Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy appears to offer prospects for shorter hospital stay and early return to work compared to conventional 4PCL. Patients undergoing either SILC or 4PLC appear to have similar analgesic requirement. Extrapolating this to pain difference between the two surgical techniques, however, requires caution. Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a surgical technique is, however, feasible and promising for treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis.

How to cite this article

Miner NJ, Mishra RK. A Comparative Study of Single Incision vs Conventional Four Incision Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Single Center Experience. World J Lap Surg 2015;8(2):62-67.


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