World Journal of Laparoscopic Surgery

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VOLUME 10 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2017 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Hypocalcemia and Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients Post-bariatric Surgery: A Systematic Review

Pallikonda S Madhulika, Juan U González-Tova

Citation Information : Madhulika PS, González-Tova JU. Hypocalcemia and Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients Post-bariatric Surgery: A Systematic Review. World J Lap Surg 2017; 10 (3):108-111.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10033-1317

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 00-12-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: Bariatric surgery is viewed as the best tool for the control and treatment of severe obesity; however, postsurgery, they have a greater risk of developing nutritional deficiencies as this procedure hinders the absorption of most of the nutrients. Objective: To evaluate the effect of vitamin D insufficiency and that of calcium in bone in patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), and the mode of administration of calcium, its dosage, and efficacy. Materials and methods: A precise survey was performed with articles identified that are associated with the subject of interest. Articles from 10 years back were looked up in PubMed, the US National Library of Medicine, the National Institutes of Health, Medline, Lilacs, Scielo, and Cochrane utilizing the headings “bariatric surgery,” “bone,” “obesity,” “vitamin D,” “calcium,” and “absorption.” Results: Five articles were incorporated into this survey that have analyzed the facts that bariatric surgery can cause wholesome inadequacies of nutrition and poor assimilation of fats and fat-dissolvable vitamins and micronutrients, e.g., calcium. Conclusion: Patients submitted to RYGB should make use of multivitamins and minerals, especially vitamin D and calcium to prevent bone fractures. Monitoring, treatment, and control of risk factors are essential to prevent complications after this operation.


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